1 1 1 1 Pietro l'Aretino, a dissolute, beloved, hated and feared Renaissance intellectual Few people have been able to convey the city and the century in which they lived in Venice during the sixteenth century as Tiziano Vecellio, Jacopo Sansovino and Pietro Aretino: painting, architecture and spirit of that glimpse of history gathered in a triangle capable of realizing beautiful things but also also spend whole nights together as drinking buddies. And none of the three were born in the lagoon. Pietro Bacci (Aretino's real name) was born in Arezzo on 20 April, 1492, probably due to the relationship between a poor cobbler and the courtesan Margarita "Tita" of the Bonci. Hailed and beloved, dreaded and admired by his contemporaries, Aretino was a licentious man, whose legendary sketching has crossed the centuries. His harsh and satiric pen was feared by the powerful, to the point of deserving the title of "the Princes' Scourge". For many detractors he was merely a stunner and a controversial courtier, but often the nobles covered him with gifts, even though he did not have enemies. Even popes and sovereigns feared him. After staying in various locations he retired in 1527 in Venice, fleeing from Rome's pope Adriano VI. He was the first to make the Venetian statues "speak" as he did in Rome with Pasquino: he was in fact inaugurating a custom which then became secular giving voice to the Rialto Hunchback. Before moving to the San Luca area (where he died and was buried), he lived on the Grand Canal just in front of Rialto's market, and wrote in some letters that he might have "vineyards in the buries, hunting and poaching In the shops, the gardens in the open space. " Not only that, not insensitive to the feminine charm, whom the literary illustrated in his writings as, for example, in the passing of the "beautiful silhouettes of silk, gold and jewels." His letters are the first example of vulgar writing. Aretino is best known for his works with explicit content (certainly such for the time), such as the "Lustful Sons" or "The Cortinian". He also wrote "Love Doubts", as well as some works of religious content. An attitude to inconsistent appearance, but it draws the figure of a Renaissance intellectual who did not hesitate to send to the press also more than "reasoning" more than appreciable. Somehow Pietro Bacci contributed in his own way to the overcoming of a theological and medieval vision of society, ferrying him towards modernity. He died on October 21, 1556, it is said for an apoplectic stroke that made him fall from a chair: a legend tells that this was happening while laughing at a vulgar joke made on the account of his sisters; Another for the spectacle offered by an aunt who leapt to fall into his boots. Beyond the myth, it is certain that, after a dissipated life, at the last moment the priest asked (though another version wants, having received the extreme unction, exclaimed: "Protect me from the mice, now that I am anointed "). Today such glory is preserve in  books, some portraits of his friend Titian, and a bronze head made by the other friend Sansovino for the door of the sacristy of St. Mark, which portrays his features. The burial of San Luca was lost, along with some canvases that were removed from the church to prevent the curious from going to admire the face of that sculpted writer instead of gathering in prayer.  

Article by Alberto Toso Fei, "Il Gazzettino", 10 July 2017
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